The conditions of sea transport and the associated risks caused the need for special regulations; Accordingly, the sailing of the ships at sea has revealed various legal relations between individuals and between individuals and the state; The group of private law rules that regulate all these relations is called "Maritime Law". Since there were no written rules governing the navigation in the sea, as in today's times, the first rules regarding the regulation of the law of the sea consisted of customary law. Later, the traditions and customs of seamanship, oral teachings were written down. In the Middle Ages, it is seen that the law of the sea developed in the northwestern European Coasts, especially around the Mediterranean. During this period, maritime law rules stemming from traditions and customs began to be compiled in written form. This process started especially in the 17th century and continues to develop today. Maritime trade is a phenomenon with economic, technical and legal elements, and maritime trade law is a branch of maritime law that regulates commercial relations on the sea.
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