The criminal procedure law restricts the freedom of the person under suspicion of crime by means of protection measures such as seizure, seizure, search, wiretapping of telephone and media, and arrest. The suspect himself or his lawyer has the right to object to these investigation procedures. As a result of the investigation, if the prosecution (prosecutor's office) concludes that the suspect has committed a crime, he prepares an indictment against the suspect and opens a criminal case. task of the competent judicial criminal court to look at the criminal trial in Turkey are determined by the nature of the crime and the amount of the penalty. Criminal courts mainly consist of two types of courts, namely the criminal court of first instance and the high criminal court. The accused is also entitled to the legal assistance of a lawyer at all stages of the court proceedings. As a result of the trial he will make, the criminal court may decide on "judicial fine", "prison sentence" or "security measure". In the decision, individualization institutions such as postponement of the prison sentence or postponement of the announcement of the verdict (hagb) can be applied or the prison sentence given to the accused can be converted to a judicial fine. After the stages such as criminal case, appeal, appeal and correction of the decision are passed, the execution law process regarding the finalized prison sentence begins. As a rule, the finalized prison sentence is executed in an open or closed prison. When the convict whose sentence is executed fulfills certain conditions depending on the nature of his crime, he can be released from the prison by taking advantage of the probation and probation measure.
Branching legally attorney in the criminal lawyer in Turkey as it is or is not a form of identification criminal attorney. The headlines under the name of "severe criminal lawyer" on the internet do not express the truth. A branch of advocacy called criminal lawyer is not defined in the legislation. It is illegal for lawyers involved in criminal cases to even introduce themselves as criminal lawyers. However, it is seen that lawyers who are involved in criminal cases are sometimes called heavy criminal lawyers. We will use the concept of criminal lawyer to be more understandable in our article.
The criminal lawyer deals with the most sensitive problems of the society in terms of both individual freedom and victim rights. In fact, the criminal lawyer tries to fulfill his defense function, as every lawyer does. However, the defense function of the heavy criminal lawyer is slightly different from the defense function of other lawyers. The criminal lawyer functions in an area that directly concerns the freedom of the person.
Because of this specific function of the defense, the criminal lawyer is called the defense counsel while defending the suspect or the accused. Defender is an Arabic word and means protecting, defending, defending. It is used specifically to describe the lawyer who defends the suspect or the accused in criminal proceedings, protects their rights and represents them in the proceedings.
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